Fertility Surgery and IVF Treatment

In men, sterility is treated with:

  • Surgery, if the cause may be a varicocele (widening of the veins within the scrotum) or a blockage within the vas deferens.
  • Antibiotics to cure contaminations in the reproductive organs.
  • Medications and counseling to medicate issues with ejaculation or erection. 
  • Hormone treatments if the problem is with hormone imbalance.

In women, sterility is treated with:

  • Fertility medications and hormones to help the restoration of hormone levels and make the woman ovulate.
  • Surgery to remove tissue which is blocking fertility  or to open blocked fallopian tubes

In vitro fertilization is a type of assisted reproductive technology which is used in infertility treatment. In IVF an egg is fertilized with sperm outside the body in a liquid medium in a lab. The zygote goes through embryo culture for a period of 2–6 days, and is then implanted into the woman's uterus, for a successful pregnancy.

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